STUDI CROSS-SECTIONAL: PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PENERIMAAN VAKSINASI COVID-19 DI KABUPATEN KARANGASEM

Ni Nyoman Ayu Ardiningsih, Made Pasek Kardiwinata

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang: Vaksinasi COVID-19 merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mengatasi pandemi COVID-19 yang terjadi saat ini. Tingkat penerimaan vaksinasi yang rendah dapat menghambat tercapainya herd immunity. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran persepsi masyarakat terhadap penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19 di Kecamatan Karangasem Kabupaten Karangasem.

Metode: Desain penelitian studi cross-sectional dengan populasi masyarakat Kecamatan Karangasem berusia 18-59 tahun. Besar sampel 184 orang didapat dengan teknik voluntary sampling. Data dikumpulkan secara online menggunakan google form. Analisis data menggunakan uji chi-square.

Hasil: penerimaan vaksinasi sebesar 96,20% dan 3,80% menolak karena memiliki riwayat penyakit komorbid. Variabel yang berhubungan signifikan dengan penerimaan vaksinasi COVID-19 adalah jenis kelamin perempuan (OR=1,62; 95% CI 0,26-11,32), usia lebih dari 55 tahun (OR=3,42; 95% CI 0,44-26,59), pendidikan terakhir perguruan tinggi (OR=11,41; 95% CI 1,32-529,13), persepsi kerentanan terinfeksi COVID-19 yang tinggi (OR=7,79; 95% CI 1,20-83,41), persepsi keparahan terinfeksi COVID-19 yang tinggi (OR=4,37, 95% CI 0,67-46,07), persepsi manfaat vaksinasi COVID-19 yang tinggi (OR=7,79; 95% CI 1,20-83,41), dan persepsi hambatan melakukan vaksinasi yang rendah (OR=5,73; 95% CI 0,10-64,08).

Kesimpulan: penelitian selanjutnya perlu untuk mengkaji terkait penyakit komorbid terhadap penerimaan vaksin COVID-19.

Kata kunci: COVID-19, penerimaan vaksin, Karangasem

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 vaccination is one of the efforts to overcome the current COVID-19 pandemic. Low vaccination acceptance rates can hinder the achievement of herd immunity. The purpose of this study was to describe the public perception of receiving COVID-19 vaccination in the Sub-district of Karangasem, Karangasem Regency.

Methods: The design of study used a cross-sectional study with the population of Karangasem Sub-district aged 18-59 years. The sample size of 184 people was obtained by voluntary sampling. Data collected online using google form. Chi-square test were used for data analysis.

Results: vaccine acceptance rate was 96.20% and 3,80% refuse to get vaccine because they have comorbid. Variables that have a significant associate to the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccination are female gender (OR=1,62; 95% CI 0,26-11,32), age more than 55 years (OR=3,42; 95% CI 0,44-26,59), last college education (OR=11,41; 95% CI 1,32-529,13), high perceived of susceptibility to COVID-19 infection (OR=7,79; 95% CI 1,20-83,41), high perceived of severity if infected with COVID-19 (OR=4,37, 95% CI 0,67-46,07), high perceived benefits of COVID-19 vaccination (OR=7,79; 95% CI 1,20-83,41), and low perceived barriers to vaccination (OR=5,73; 95% CI 0,10-64,08).

Conslusion: Further research need to study related comorbid to COVID-19 vaccine acceptance.

Keyword: COVID-19, vaccine acceptance, Karangasem

Keywords


COVID-19, penerimaan vaksin, Karangasem

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.37294/jrkn.v5i2.343

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