PENGARUH STRES TERHADAP FUNGSI MEMORI PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELITUS DI KOTA DEPOK

Fathiya Hanisya, Dikha Ayu Kurnia

Abstract


Diabetes melitus merupakan penyakit kronis yang dapat mempengaruhi sisi psikologi penderitanya. Stres merupakan salah satu akibat dari penyakit kronis. Stres memiliki dampak negatif pada penderita diabetes melitus karena menyebabkan keadaan hiperglikemia. Hiperglikemia merupakan awal mula dari kerusakan fungsi kognitif, salah satunya kerusakan pada fungsi memori. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan antara stres dengan fungsi memori. Desain penelitian ini adalah analitik korelatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional, menggunakan 85 responden penderita diabetes melitus di Kecamatan Sawangan Depok. Stres dinilai menggunakan Depression, Anxiety, Stress scale 42 khususnya pada subscale stres sebanyak 14 pernyataan. Sedangkan fungsi memori dinilai menggunakan digit span forward and backward. Uji analisis bivariat menggunakan uji Spearman Rank menyatakan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara stres dan fungsi memori pada penderita diabetes melitus di Kota Depok (p<0,05). Penelitian ini merekomendasikan kepada praktisi kesehatan untuk menekankan manajemen stres dalam tatalaksana diabetes melitus dan penilaian awal tingkat stres sebelum dilakukan pendidikan kesehatan pada penderita diabetes melitus.

 

Kata kunci: stres, fungsi memori, diabetes melitus, depok

 

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that affect psychological side of individual with diabetes. Stress is one of the result of chronic disease. Stress has a negative impact on people with diabetes melitus because it causes a state of hyperglycemia. Hyperglycaemia is the beginning of cognitive function impairment, one of which is damage to memory function. This study aims was to determine the relationship between stress and memory function. The design of this study was correlative analytic with cross sectional approach, using 85 respondents with diabetes mellitus in Kecamatan Sawangan Depok. Stress was assessed using Depression, Anxiety, Stress scale 42 (DASS 42), especially on stress subscales consists of 14 statements. While the memory function was assessed using the forward and backward digit span. Bivariate analysis test using Spearman Rank test stated that there was a significant relationship between stress and memory function in people with diabetes mellitus in Depok City (p <0,05). This study recommends to health practitioners to emphasize stress management in the management of diabetes mellitus and early assessment of stress levels prior to health education in people with diabetes mellitus.

 Keywords: stress, memory function, diabetes mellitus, depok


Keywords


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.37294/jrkn.v2i2.107

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